Ransome Stanley (b. 1953, United Kingdom) engages with images from bourgeois culture of the nineteenth century, Western images of Africa, and colonial clichés of exoticism to raise questions about race and identity. His paintings are often populated with photo-realistic portraits in dialogue with jazz, movies, drawings, advertising and typography, newspapers articles, icons, photographs; rearranging and articulating them in his own way. He belongs to a new artistic movement, which since the mid-1990s has articulated a new African art speech, wherein “blackness” is transformed into “afropolitanism,” and thus turns away from the outdated authenticity of an African “essence.”